Joel Johnson

Joel Johnson

Earth Sciences
Phone: (603) 862-4080
Office: Earth Sciences, James Hall Rm 338, Durham, NH 03824

Courses Taught

  • ESCI 400: Freshman Field Seminar
  • ESCI 402: Earth History
  • ESCI 631: Structural Geology
  • ESCI 754/854: Sedimentology
  • ESCI 756/856: Geotectonics
  • ESCI 759/859: Geological Oceanography
  • INCO 590: Rsrch Exp/Earth Sciences
  • INCO 790: Adv Rsrch Exp/Earth Science


  • Ph.D., Geological Oceanography, Oregon State University
  • M.S., Structural Geology & Tectonics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • B.S., Geology, University of Minnesota Duluth

Selected Publications

  • Chu, M., Bao, R., Strasser, M., Ikehara, K., Everest, J., Maeda, L., . . . Zellers, S. (2023). Earthquake-enhanced dissolved carbon cycles in ultra-deep ocean sediments.. Nat Commun, 14(1), 5427. doi:10.1038/s41467-023-41116-w

  • Johnson, J. E., MacLeod, D. R., Phillips, S. C., Phillips, M. P., & Divins, D. L. (2022). Primary deposition and early diagenetic effects on the high saturation accumulation of gas hydrate in a silt dominated reservoir in the Gulf of Mexico. MARINE GEOLOGY, 444. doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2021.106718

  • Waghorn, K. A., Johnson, J. E., Bünz, S., Plaza-Faverola, A., Vadakkepuliyambatta, S., & Waage, M. (2022). Svyatogor Ridge—A Gas Hydrate System Driven by Crustal Scale Processes. In World Atlas of Submarine Gas Hydrates in Continental Margins (pp. 247-254). Springer International Publishing. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-81186-0_20

  • Bangs, N. L., Johnson, J. E., Tréhu, A. M., & Arsenault, M. A. (2022). Hydrate Ridge—A Gas Hydrate System in a Subduction Zone Setting. In World Atlas of Submarine Gas Hydrates in Continental Margins (pp. 89-107). Springer International Publishing. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-81186-0_7

  • Emerson, J. B., Varner, R. K., Wik, M., Parks, D. H., Neumann, R. B., Johnson, J. E., . . . Rich, V. I. (2021). Diverse sediment microbiota shape methane emission temperature sensitivity in Arctic lakes. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, 12(1). doi:10.1038/s41467-021-25983-9

  • Johnson, J. E., Phillips, S. C., Clyde, W. C., Giosan, L., & Torres, M. E. (2021). Isolating Detrital and Diagenetic Signals in Magnetic Susceptibility Records From Methane-Bearing Marine Sediments. GEOCHEMISTRY GEOPHYSICS GEOSYSTEMS, 22(9). doi:10.1029/2021GC009867

  • Meazell, P. K., Flemings, P. B., Santra, M., & Johnson, J. E. (2020). Sedimentology and stratigraphy of a deep-water gas hydrate reservoir in the northern Gulf of Mexico. AAPG BULLETIN, 104(9), 1945-1969. doi:10.1306/05212019027

  • Waghorn, K. A., Vadakkepuliyambatta, S., Plaza-Faverola, A., Johnson, J. E., Bunz, S., & Waage, M. (2020). Crustal processes sustain Arctic abiotic gas hydrate and fluid flow systems. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 10(1). doi:10.1038/s41598-020-67426-3

  • Argentino, C., Johnson, J. E., Conti, S., Fioroni, C., & Fontana, D. (2020). Preservation of S-34-enriched sulfides in fossil sulfate-methane transition zones: new evidence from Miocene outcrops of the northern Apennines (Italy). GEO-MARINE LETTERS, 40(3), 379-390. doi:10.1007/s00367-020-00644-w

  • Honsberger, I. W., Laird, J., & Johnson, J. E. (2020). A Laurentian margin subduction perspective: Geodynamic constraints from phase equilibria modeling of barroisite greenstones, northern USA Appalachians. GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA BULLETIN, 132(11-12), 2587-2605. doi:10.1130/B35456.1

  • Gale, A. S., Little, C. T. S., Johnson, J. E., & Giosan, L. (2020). A new neolepadid cirripede from a Pleistocene cold seep, Krishna-Godavari Basin, offshore India. ACTA PALAEONTOLOGICA POLONICA, 65(2), 351-362. doi:10.4202/app.00705.2019

  • Argentino, C., Conti, S., Crutchley, G. J., Fioroni, C., Fontana, D., & Johnson, J. E. (2019). Methane-derived authigenic carbonates on accretionary ridges: Miocene case studies in the northern Apennines (Italy) compared with modern submarine counterparts. MARINE AND PETROLEUM GEOLOGY, 102, 860-872. doi:10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2019.01.026

  • Phillips, S. C., Hong, W. -L., Johnson, J. E., Fahnestock, M. F., & Bryce, J. G. (2018). Authigenic carbonate formation influenced by freshwater inputs and methanogenesis in coal-bearing strata offshore Shimokita, Japan (IODP site C0020). MARINE AND PETROLEUM GEOLOGY, 96, 288-303. doi:10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2018.06.007

  • Wik, M., Johnson, J. E., Crill, P. M., DeStasio, J. P., Erickson, L., Halloran, M. J., . . . Varner, R. K. (2018). Sediment Characteristics and Methane Ebullition in Three Subarctic Lakes. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-BIOGEOSCIENCES, 123(8), 2399-2411. doi:10.1029/2017JG004298

  • Schneider, A., Panieri, G., Lepland, A., Consolaro, C., Cremiere, A., Forwick, M., . . . Knies, J. (2018). Methane seepage at Vestnesa Ridge (NW Svalbard) since the Last Glacial Maximum. QUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS, 193, 98-117. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.06.006

  • Waghorn, K. A., Bunz, S., Plaza-Faverola, A., & Johnson, J. E. (2018). 3-D Seismic Investigation of a Gas Hydrate and Fluid Flow System on an Active Mid-Ocean Ridge; Svyatogor Ridge, Fram Strait. GEOCHEMISTRY GEOPHYSICS GEOSYSTEMS, 19(8), 2325-2341. doi:10.1029/2018GC007482

  • Graw, M. F., D'Angelo, G., Borchers, M., Thurber, A. R., Johnson, J. E., Zhang, C., . . . Colwell, F. S. (2018). Energy Gradients Structure Microbial Communities Across Sediment Horizons in Deep Marine Sediments of the South China Sea. FRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY, 9. doi:10.3389/fmicb.2018.00729

  • Knies, J., Daszinnies, M., Plaza-Faverola, A., Chand, S., Sylta, O., Bunz, S., . . . Mienert, J. (2018). Modelling persistent methane seepage offshore western Svalbard since early Pleistocene. MARINE AND PETROLEUM GEOLOGY, 91, 800-811. doi:10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2018.01.020

  • Wallmann, K., Riedel, M., Hong, W. L., Patton, H., Hubbard, A., Pape, T., . . . Bohrmann, G. (2018). Gas hydrate dissociation off Svalbard induced by isostatic rebound rather than global warming. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, 9. doi:10.1038/s41467-017-02550-9

  • Phillips, S. C., & Johnson, J. E. (n.d.). Data report: grain size distribution of unconsolidated sands offshore Shimokita Peninsula, Japan (IODP Site C0020). doi:10.2204/iodp.proc.337.203.2017

  • Giosan, L., Ponton, C., Usman, M., Blusztajn, J., Fuller, D. Q., Galy, V., . . . Eglinton, T. I. (2017). Short communication: Massive erosion in monsoonal central India linked to late Holocene land cover degradation. EARTH SURFACE DYNAMICS, 5(4), 781-789. doi:10.5194/esurf-5-781-2017

  • Panieri, G., Bunz, S., Fornari, D. J., Escartin, J., Serov, P., Jansson, P., . . . Gracias, N. (2017). An integrated view of the methane system in the pockmarks at Vestnesa Ridge, 79 degrees N. MARINE GEOLOGY, 390, 282-300. doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2017.06.006

  • Phillips, S. C., Johnson, J. E., Clyde, W. C., Setera, J. B., Maxbauer, D. P., Severmann, S., & Riedinger, N. (2017). Rock magnetic and geochemical evidence for authigenic magnetite formation via iron reduction in coal-bearing sediments offshore Shimokita Peninsula, Japan (IODP Site C0020). GEOCHEMISTRY GEOPHYSICS GEOSYSTEMS, 18(6), 2076-2098. doi:10.1002/2017GC006943

  • Bolton, C. T., Hernandez-Sanchez, M. T., Fuertes, M. -A., Gonzalez-Lemos, S., Abrevaya, L., Mendez-Vicente, A., . . . Stoll, H. M. (2016). Decrease in coccolithophore calcification and CO2 since the middle Miocene. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, 7. doi:10.1038/ncomms10284

  • Zorzi, C., Goni, M. F. S., Anupama, K., Prasad, S., Hanquiez, V., Johnson, J., & Giosan, L. (2015). Indian monsoon variations during three contrasting climatic periods: The Holocene, Heinrich Stadial 2 and the last interglacial-glacial transition. QUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS, 125, 50-60. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.06.009

  • Johnson, J. E., Mienert, J., Plaza-Faverola, A., Vadakkepuliyambatta, S., Knies, J., Bunz, S., . . . Ferre, B. (2015). Abiotic methane from ultraslow-spreading ridges can charge Arctic gas hydrates. GEOLOGY, 43(5), 371-374. doi:10.1130/G36440.1

  • Plaza-Faverola, A., Buenz, S., Johnson, J. E., Chand, S., Knies, J., Mienert, J., & Franek, P. (2015). Role of tectonic stress in seepage evolution along the gas hydrate-charged Vestnesa Ridge, Fram Strait. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 42(3), 733-742. doi:10.1002/2014GL062474

  • Ali, S., Hathorne, E. C., Frank, M., Gebregiorgis, D., Stattegger, K., Stumpf, R., . . . Giosan, L. (2015). South Asian monsoon history over the past 60 kyr recorded by radiogenic isotopes and clay mineral assemblages in the Andaman Sea. GEOCHEMISTRY GEOPHYSICS GEOSYSTEMS, 16(2), 505-521. doi:10.1002/2014GC005586

  • Johnson, J. E., Phillips, S. C., Torres, M. E., Pinero, E., Rose, K. K., & Giosan, L. (2014). Influence of total organic carbon deposition on the inventory of gas hydrate in the Indian continental margins. MARINE AND PETROLEUM GEOLOGY, 58, 406-424. doi:10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2014.08.021

  • Flores, J. A., Johnson, J. E., Mejia-Molina, A. E., Alvarez, M. C., Sierro, F. J., Singh, S. D., . . . Giosan, L. (2014). Sedimentation rates from calcareous nannofossil and planktonic foraminifera biostratigraphy in the Andaman Sea, northern Bay of Bengal, and eastern Arabian Sea. MARINE AND PETROLEUM GEOLOGY, 58, 425-437. doi:10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2014.08.011

  • Cawthern, T., Johnson, J. E., Giosan, L., Flores, J. A., Rose, K., & Solomon, E. (2014). A late Miocene-Early Pliocene biogenic silica crash in the Andaman Sea and Bay of Bengal. MARINE AND PETROLEUM GEOLOGY, 58, 490-501. doi:10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2014.07.026

  • Teichert, B. M. A., Johnson, J. E., Solomon, E. A., Giosan, L., Rose, K., Kocherla, M., . . . Torres, M. E. (2014). Composition and origin of authigenic carbonates in the Krishna-Godavari and Mahanadi Basins, eastern continental margin of India. MARINE AND PETROLEUM GEOLOGY, 58, 438-460. doi:10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2014.08.023

  • Phillips, S. C., Johnson, J. E., Underwood, M. B., Guo, J., Giosan, L., & Rose, K. (2014). Long-timescale variation in bulk and clay mineral composition of Indian continental margin sediments in the Bay of Bengal, Arabian Sea, and Andaman Sea. MARINE AND PETROLEUM GEOLOGY, 58, 117-138. doi:10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2014.06.018

  • Rose, K. K., Johnson, J. E., Torres, M. E., Hong, W. -L., Giosan, L., Solomon, E. A., . . . Schaef, H. T. (2014). Anomalous porosity preservation and preferential accumulation of gas hydrate in the Andaman accretionary wedge, NGHP-01 site 17A. MARINE AND PETROLEUM GEOLOGY, 58, 99-116. doi:10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2014.04.009

  • Phillips, S. C., Johnson, J. E., Giosan, L., & Rose, K. (2014). Monsoon-influenced variation in productivity and lithogenic sediment flux since 110 ka in the offshore Mahanadi Basin, northern Bay of Bengal. MARINE AND PETROLEUM GEOLOGY, 58, 502-525. doi:10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2014.05.007

  • Sweeney, E. M., Gardner, J. V., Johnson, J. E., & Mayer, L. A. (2012). Geological interpretation of a low-backscatter anomaly found on the New Jersey continental margin. MARINE GEOLOGY, 326, 46-54. doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2012.08.007

  • Ponton, C., Giosan, L., Eglinton, T. I., Fuller, D. Q., Johnson, J. E., Kumar, P., & Collett, T. S. (2012). Holocene aridification of India. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 39. doi:10.1029/2011GL050722

  • Goldfinger, C., Nelson, C. H., Morey, A. E., Johnson, J. E., Patton, J. R., Karabanov, E., . . . Vallier, T. (2012). Turbidite event history—Methods and implications for Holocene paleoseismicity of the Cascadia subduction zone. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1661-F, 1-170.

  • Phillips, S. C., Johnson, J. E., Miranda, E., & Disenhof, C. (2011). Improving CHN measurements in carbonate-rich marine sediments. LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY-METHODS, 9, 194-203. doi:10.4319/lom.2011.9.194

  • Paull, C. K., III, U. W., Holbrook, W. S., Hill, T. M., Haflidason, H., Winters, W., . . . Lundsten, E. (2010). The tail of the Storegga Slide: insights from the geochemistry and sedimentology of the Norwegian Basin deposits. SEDIMENTOLOGY, 57(6), 1409-1429. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3091.2010.01150.x

  • Paull, C. K., Schlining, B., III, U. W., Lundsten, E., Barry, J. P., Caress, D. W., . . . McGann, M. (2010). Submarine Mass Transport Within Monterey Canyon: Benthic Disturbance Controls on the Distribution of Chemosynthetic Biological Communities. SUBMARINE MASS MOVEMENTS AND THEIR CONSEQUENCES, 28, 229-+. doi:10.1007/978-90-481-3071-9_19


  • Goldfinger, C., Grijalva, K., Buergmann, R., Morey, A. E., Johnson, J. E., Nelson, C. H., . . . Gracia, E. (2008). Late Holocene rupture of the northern San Andreas fault and possible stress linkage to the Cascadia subduction zone. BULLETIN OF THE SEISMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA, 98(2), 861-889. doi:10.1785/0120060411

  • Paull, C. K., III, U. W., Holbrook, W. S., Hill, T. M., Keaten, R., Mienert, J., . . . Lorenson, T. D. (2008). Origin of pockmarks and chimney structures on the flanks of the Storegga Slide, offshore Norway. GEO-MARINE LETTERS, 28(1), 43-51. doi:10.1007/s00367-007-0088-9

  • Goldfinger, C., Morey, A. E., Nelson, C. H., Gutierrez-Pastor, J., Johnson, J. E., Karabanov, E., . . . Party, S. S. (2007). Rupture lengths and temporal history of significant earthquakes on the offshore and north coast segments of the Northern San Andreas Fault based on turbidite stratigraphy. EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS, 254(1-2), 9-27. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2006.11.017

  • Chevallier, J., Chevallier, J., Tréhu, A. M., Bangs, N. L., Johnson, J. E., Johnson, J. E., & Jack Meyer, H. (2005). Seismic sequence stratigraphy and tectonic evolution of southern Hydrate Ridge. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program: Scientific Results, 204. doi:10.2973/

  • Johnson, J. E., Johnson, J. E., Goldfinger, C., Tréhu, A. M., Bangs, N. L. B., Torres, M. E., & Chevallier, J. (2005). North-south variability in the history of deformation and fluid venting across Hydrate Ridge, Cascadia margin. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program: Scientific Results, 204. doi:10.2973/

  • Trehu, A. M., Flemings, P. B., Bangs, N. L., Chevallier, J., Gracia, E., Johnson, J. E., . . . Torres, M. E. (2004). Feeding methane vents and gas hydrate deposits at south Hydrate Ridge. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 31(23). doi:10.1029/2004GL021286

  • Trehu, A. M., Long, P. E., Torres, M. E., Bohrmann, G., Rack, F. R., Collett, T. S., . . . Weinberger, J. L. (2004). Three-dimensional distribution of gas hydrate beneath southern Hydrate Ridge: constraints from ODP Leg 204. EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS, 222(3-4), 845-862. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2004.03.035

  • Johnson, J. E., Goldfinger, C., & Suess, E. (2003). Geophysical constraints on the surface distribution of authigenic carbonates across the Hydrate Ridge region, Cascadia margin. MARINE GEOLOGY, 202(1-2), 79-120. doi:10.1016/S0025-3227(03)00268-8

  • Goldfinger, C., Nelson, C. H., Johnson, J. E., & Party, S. S. (2003). Deep-water turbidites as Holocene earthquake proxies: the Cascadia subduction zone and Northern San Andreas Fault systems. ANNALS OF GEOPHYSICS, 46(5), 1169-1194. Retrieved from

  • Goldfinger, C., Nelson, C. H., Johnson, J. E., & Party, S. S. (2003). Holocene earthquake records from the Cascadia subduction zone and northern San Andreas Fault based on precise dating of offshore turbidites. ANNUAL REVIEW OF EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCES, 31, 555-577. doi:10.1146/