Jim Gardner

Research Professor - CCOM and Ocean Engineering

Ph.D. Columbia University 1973

Research Areas

Seafloor mapping, marine sedimentology, quaternary paleoceanography

Research Emphasis

Jim is a marine geologist focused on seafloor mapping, marine sedimentology, and paleoceanography. He worked for 30 years with the Pacific Marine Geology group at the US Geological Survey in Menlo Park, CA where he studied a wide variety of marine sedimentological and paleoceanographic problems in the Bering Sea, North and South Pacific Ocean, northeast Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean and Mediterranean Seas, and the Coral Sea. He conceived, organized, and directed the 8-year EEZ-SCAN mapping of the US Exclusive Economic Zone using GLORIA long-range sidescan sonar in the 1980s, participated in four Deep Sea Drilling Project cruises, one as co-chief scientist, participated in more than 50 research cruises, and was Chief of Pacific Seafloor Mapping from 1995 to 2003, a project that used high-resolution multibeam echosounders to map portions of the US continental shelves and margins. He also mapped Lake Tahoe in California and Crater Lake in Oregon. Jim was the first USGS Mendenhall Lecturer, received the Department of Interior Meritorious Service Award and received two USGS Shoemaker Awards. He has published more than 200 scientific papers and given an untold number of talks and presentations all over the world. Jim retired from the US Geological Survey in 2003 and joined CCOM/UNH. He was an Adjunct Professor at CCOM/UNH from its inception and moved to UNH in 2003 to become Research Professor. At CCOM/UNH, Jim is in charge of all non-Arctic US Law of the Sea bathymetry mapping cruises as well as involved in research methods to extract meaningful geological information from multibeam acoustic backscatter through ground truth and advanced image analysis methods. Jim was awarded the 2012 Francis P. Shepard Medal For Sustained Excellence in Marine Geology by the SEPM Society of Sedimentary Geology.

Courses Taught

  • ESCI 759/859: Geological Oceanography
  • ESCI 874/OE 874.01: Fundamentals of Ocean Mapping-Geological Oceanography

Publications

Gardner, James V, and Armstrong, Andrew A., (2011), 2010 Western Pacific bathymetry mapping for U.S. Law of the Sea, U.S. Hydrographic Conference (US HYDRO), Tampa, FL, USA, Apr 25 - Apr 28. Conference Poster Gardner_2011_USHYDRO_Western_Pacific_bathymetry_for_LOTS.jpg (3.5 MB)

Rzhanov, Yuri, Pe'eri, Shachak, and Gardner, James V, (2011), Airborne hyperspectral co-registration independent from attitude and positioning sensors, Coastal GeoTools 2011, Myrtle Beach, SC, USA, 21-24 March 2011. Conference Abstract

Ackerman, S, Pe'eri, Shachak, Bernhardt, W., Andrews, B., and Gardner, James V, (2011), Fine-scale sediment distribution at the mouth of the Merrimack River, Coastal Geotools 2011, Myrtle Beach, SC, USA, 21-24 March. Conference Abstract

Gardner, James V, and Armstrong, Andrew A., (2011), From Seafloor Mapping to Geological Processes: New Insights in Marine Geomorphic Features Using High-Resolution Acoustic Imaging Techniques, American Geophysical Union (AGU), San Francisco, CA, USA, Dec. 5-9. Conference Abstract

Pe'eri, Shachak, Ackerman, S, Guilford, J., Gardner, James V, and Morris, A., (2011), Ground truth operation for seafloor characterization, Coastal Geotools 2011, Myrtle Beach, SC, USA, 21-24 March. Conference Abstract

Pe'eri, Shachak, Gardner, James V, Ward, Larry G., and Morrison, John R., (2011), The Seafloor: A Key Factor in Lidar Bottom Detection, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Volume 49, p.1150-1157. Journal Article Peeri_2010_IEEE_The_Seafloor-A_key_factor_in_Lidar_bottom_detection.pdf (801.32 KB)

Rzhanov, Yuri, Pe'eri, Shachak, Guilford, J., and Gardner, James V, (2011), Seafloor characterization using airborne hyperspectral co-registration procedures independent from attitude and positioning sensors, Coastal Geotools 2011, Myrtle Beach, SC, USA, 21-24 March. Conference Abstract

Gardner, James V, and Armstrong, Andrew A., (2011), Western Pacific bathymetry mapping for U.S. Law of the Sea, U.S. Hydro 2011, Tampa, FL, USA, 25-28 April 2011. Conference Abstract

Boyd, R, Keene, J, Hubble, T, Gardner, James V, Glenn, K, Ruming, K, and Exon, N, (2010), Southeast Australia:  A Cenozoic Continental Margin Dominated by Mass Transport, Submarine Mass Movements and Their Consequences, Springer Science, New York, NY, USA. Book Section

Clarke, S., Boyd, R, Hubble, T, Airey, D, Keene, J, Exon, N, and Gardner, James V, (2010), Sediment Characteristics of Submarine Landslides on the Upper East Australian Continental Margin--Preliminary findings, American Geophysical Union (AGU), San Francisco, CA, USA, Dec 13 - Dec 17. Conference Abstract

Doucet, Maurice, Paton, Mark, Gardner, James V, and Greinert, J, (2010), 4D Multimodal Visualization and Analysis of Seafloor Vents and Plumes, Canadian Hydrographic Conference (CHC), Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, Jun 21 - Jun 23. Conference Proceeding

Hubble, T, Yu, P, Airey, D, Clarke, S., Boyd, R, Keene, J, Exon, N, and Gardner, James V, (2010), Physical Properties and Age of Mid-slope Sediments Dredged from the Eastern Australian Continental Margin--Implication for Continental Margin Erosional Processes, American Geophysical Union (AGU), San Francisco, CA, USA, Dec 13 - Dec 17. Conference Abstract

Pe'eri, Shachak, Gardner, James V, Armstrong, Andrew A., Yoos, Charles J., Holmberg, Peter S., and Greenaway, Megan, (2010), Hydrographic Survey Bottom Sampling Specifications: A Remote Sensing Perspective, Canadian Hydrographic Conference (CHC), Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, Jun 21 - Jun 23. Conference Abstract

Pe'eri, Shachak, and Gardner, James V, (2010), Evaluation of airborne lidar bathymetry (ALB) in sub-tidal Coastal Environments., Joint Airborne LIDAR Bathymetry Technical Center of Expertise Coastal Mapping and Charting Workshop (JALBTCX), Mobil, AL, USA, May 25 - May 27. Conference Presented Only

Mayer, Larry A., Weber, Thomas C., Gardner, James V, Malik, Mashkoor A., Beaudoin, Jonathan, and Doucet, Maurice, (2010), More than the Bottom: Multibeam Sonars and Water-column Imaging, American Geophysical Union (AGU), San Francisco, CA, USA, Dec 13 - Dec 17. Conference Abstract

Mayer, Larry A., Armstrong, Andrew A., Calder, Brian R, and Gardner, James V, (2010), Seafloor Mapping In The Arctic:Support For a Potential US Extended Continental Shelf, International Hydrographic Review, Volume 3, p.14-23. Journal Article Mayer_2010_IHR_Sea_Floor_Mapping_In_The_Arctic.pdf (684.1 KB)

Gardner, James V, (2010), The West Mariana Ridge, Western Pacific Ocean: Geomorphology and Processes from New Multibeam Data, Geological Society of America Bulletin (GSAB), Volume 122, Number 9, p.1378-1388. Journal Article Gardner_2010_GSAB_West_Mariana_Ridge_Geomorphology_and_processes_from_new_multibeam_data.pdf (4.28 MB)


Phone: 
603.862.3473

University of New Hampshire
Center for Coastal and Ocean Mapping
Jere A. Chase Ocean Engineering Laboratory
24 Colovos Road
Durham, NH 03824

Research Areas: 
Geological Oceanography
Ocean and Seafloor Mapping
Sedimentology